TOSHIO DOI”The Study of Language in Japan”

国語史・日本語史周辺(日本文学・日本史・言語学などなど)の覚書です。
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TOSHIO DOI”The Study of Language in Japan”

A Historical Survey

土居敏雄

Shinozaki Shorin

I Introductory: Sanskrit Study, Etymology, Affinity of Japanese 1


II Studies of Western Languages to 1868 ..........9

1 The portuguese Arrivals and Their Impact .... 9

2 The Rise of Rangaku or Dutch Learning .... 17

3 The Contribution of Japanese Stranded in Russia

4 English, French and Russian Studies Necessitated

5 The Dawn of English Study ............... 44

6 Dutch Scholarship 47

7 The Beginning of German Language Study ...54


III Studies of Western Languages (Continued) ........ 6O

1 The New Era and the Growth of Language Institutions 60

2 Eigaku, the First Period of English Study . .. 71

3 Studies in French, German, and Classical Languages 78

4 Perspective of Russian Study .............. 89

5 The Period of English philology and After . . .. 96

6 The Dawning of Linguistic Science . . . . . . . . .. 1O7


IV Sanskrit Studies ............................. 113

1 Religious Climate; Jiun, the Buddhist Saint .... 113

2 Buddhism in Early Meiji and the Translation Bureau 12O


V Sanskrit Studies (ContinuedO; Related Languages ... 128

1 Max MUller and the Three Scholars ......... 128

2 German and French Influence; Tocharian Language Study 137

3 Pali Studies 143

4 "Kyoto School"; the Hindi Language ........ 146

5 Prospect for Sanskrit Studies in Japan ...... 149


VI Introduction of Linguistic Science ............... 154 44

1 Language Problems in Japan .............. 154

2 Chinese Language Studies ................. 161

3 Ueda Kazutoshi and Paul's Prinzipien ........ 173

4 Early Translation Works on Language ...... 175

5 Dialect Studies and Ueda Once More ...... 180

6 Phonetic Science before 1945 .............. 186

7 Phonetics in the Postwar Years ............ 196


VII Asiatic and Other Languages 202

1 Okinawan Studies and Ainology ............202

2 Korean Language Studies ................216

3 Oceanic Languages 224

4 Manchu, Mongolian, and Other Languages ...233

5 Genealogy of Japanese 239



Vlll Theories and Methodologies ....................245

l General Survey: Historico-Comparativism, Gengokateisetsu vs. Saussureanism, Other Schools 245

2 General Survey (Continued): Multiplicity of Lingulstlc Disciplines 256

3 Semantics and Stylistics, the Science of Expression 26O

4 The Linguistic Society, Dimculties of Indo-European Linguistics in Japan ...,......264

5 Further Dimculties: the Barrier of Language and Academic Sectionalism 272


IX concluding Remarks ....... 277

Bibliography 285

Index 289

List of Illustrations

l SHITTAN SANMITSUSHO (The Three Mysteries of Siddham)

2 VOCABULARIO DA LINGOA DE IAPAM

3 AOKI KON'YO

4 MAENO RYOTAKU

5 ONTLEEDKUNDIGE TAFELEN

6 KAITAI SHINSHO (New Books on Anatomy)

7 TATARINOV'S LEKSIKON

8 DAIKOKUYA KODAYU AND AN INTERPRETER 29

9 MURAKAMI EISHUN

lO ROGOBUNPO KIHAN (Ar Short Russian Grammar)

11 TACHIBANA K0SAI AT ST. PETERSBURG

12 ORANDAJII (A Dutch-Japanese Dictionary)

13 MAATSCHAPPIJ GRAMMATICA

14 SANGO BENRAN by Murakami Eishun

15 SAIGOKU RISSHIHEN (A Japanese Version of Smiles's Self-Help)

16 WADOKU TAIYAKU-JIRIN (Worterbuch der japanischen und deutschen Sprache, 1877)

17 DICTIONNAIRE FRANCAIS-JAPONAIS par Raguet et Ono Tota

18 SAITO HIDESABURO

19 PINNEO'S ENGLISH GRAMMAR

20 THE VERMILION GATE (AKAMON) OF TOKYO IMPERIAL UNIVERSITY

21 SEKIGUCHI TSUGIO

22 TANAKA HIDENAKA

23 YASUGI SADATOSHI

24 ICHIKAWA SANKI

25 HOSOE ITSUKI

26 HEPBURN'S JAPANESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY 109

27 JIUN (MAITRAMEGHA) l16

28 JIUN'S MANUSCRIPT OF BHADRACARI 117

29 NANJO BUN'YU 128

30 TAKAKUSU JUNJIRO 134

31 TSUJI NAOSHIRO 139

32 SAKAKI RYOSABURO 147

33 INOUE MIDORI AND HIS CALLIGRAPHY 167

34 INOUE'S POCKET CHINESE-JAPANESE NEW DICTIONARY 168

35 KURAISHl'S IWANAMI CHUGOKUGO-JlTEN (Dictionary of Spoken Chinese) 172

36 UEDA KAZUTOSHI 173

37 TOJO MISAO AND YANAGIDA KUNIO 184

38 GENGOGAKU-ZASSHI (Philological Review) 188

39 WEBSTER'S SPELLING BOOK 193

40 KANEHIRO'S JIKKEN EIGO-ONSEIGAKU (Experimental Phonetics of English) 195

41 THE BULLETIN OF THE PHONETIC SOCIETY 199

42 IHA FUYU 204

43 KINDAICHI KYOSUKE 210

44 CHIRI MASHIHO 214

45 OGURA SHINPEI 219

46 OGAWA NAOYOSHI 224

47 MYTHS AND TRADITIONS or THE FORMOSAN NATIVE TRIBES 226

48 MATSUOKA SHIZUO 23O

49 FUJIOKA KATSUJI 236

50 THE FACULTY AND STUDENTS OF THE LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT OF TOKYO UNIVERSITY (JULY 1906) 244

51 SHINMURA lZURU 246

52 TOKIEDA MOTOKI 251

53 JlNBO KAKU 256

54 GENGO KENKYU (Journal of the Linguistic Society of Japan) 265

55 KODZU HARUSHIGE 27O

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